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信仰核心正统声明

(注明院校特色)

自1933年成立以来, 兰开斯特圣经学院|首都神学院 and 研究生 School has maintained an unqualified commitment to a historic, 本文件中所表达的关于信仰基本教义的正统立场. 信仰声明是大学身份的核心, serving as a unifying and clarifying document in an 年龄 of theological shifting and confusion. 解释性, 该机构从语法上接近圣经, 历史, 语境观点.

圣经. We believe the Scriptures of the Old Testament and the New Testament are the Word of God and are verbally inspired of God and inerrant in the original writings. 我们相信这种默示平等地、完全地延伸到圣经的所有部分, 他们是信仰和生活的最高权威. John 17:17; Galatians 3:16; 2 Timothy 3:16-17; 2 Peter 1:19-21.


神性. 我们相信一个神以三个位格永远存在:父神, 儿子, 和圣灵, 它们都具有完全相同的性质, 属性, 和完美. Matthew 28:19–20; John 1:1-2; Acts 5:3-4; Colossians 2:9.


耶稣基督——他的位格和他的工作. 我们相信主耶稣基督是完全的神,也是完全的人. He was eternally begotten of the Father, conceived by the Holy Spirit, and born of the Virgin Mary. 我们相信耶稣基督为世人的罪而死1 作为替代的牺牲, 他被钉十字架的身体从死里复活了, 又升到天父面前,作我们的大祭司, 提倡, 和中介. Luke 1:35; Romans 9:5; 1 Corinthians 15:1–3; Philippians 2:6-11; Colossians 1:15–17; 2:9; Hebrews 4:15; 9:24; 1 Timothy 2:5; 1 Peter 1:3; 2:24; 3:18; 1 John 2:2.


圣灵. 我们相信圣灵的降临是有特殊意义的2 住在每一个信徒里面. 在这个时代, the Holy Spirit carries out the ministries of restraining evil in the world; convicting people of sin, 义, and judgment; regenerating and indwelling all believers; baptizing them into the Body of Christ; sealing them unto the day of redemption; and empowering them for sanctification and service.3 John 14:16–17; 16:7–15; Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 6:19; 12:13, 28–30; Ephesians 2:20-22; 4:1-16, 30; Hebrews 2:1-4; Titus 3:5.


人类. We believe God created humanity, male and female, reflecting the im年龄 and likeness of God. Each person’s biological sex has been sovereignly appointed by God and is an irreversible aspect of his or her nature. 亚当,第一个人类4, sinned and thereby incurred the judgment of both physical death and spiritual death which is eternal separation from God. 因此, 全人类, 除了基督耶稣, 生来就有堕落的本性, 对他们的罪负责吗, 并且需要重生. Rejection of one’s God-ordained biological sexuality reflects a rejection of God’s plans and purposes. 上帝在圣经中建立并启示了一个神圣的秩序来规范人类. 反映这种秩序的人类制度是一男一女的婚姻, 家庭, 人类政府. 创世记1:1,26,27; Psalm 51:5; Jeremiah 17:9; John 3:3-7; Romans 1:21-32; 3:10-12; 5:12; 1 Thessalonians 4:3; Ephesians 2:1-10; 1 John 1:8-10; Genesis 2:18-25; Colossians 3:18-21; Romans 13:1-7.


救恩. 我们相信救恩已经预备好了5 唯独借着基督在十字架上流血所完成的工作才得以成就, 任何人的任何行为都不配得到这种救赎. 只要相信耶稣基督所完成的工作,就会得到新生, 成为神性的一份子, 从而成为神的孩子.6 John 3:16; 6:37; 10:27–30; 2 Corinthians 5:14; Ephesians 2:8–9; 1 Timothy 2:3-6; 1 Peter 1:18-19, 23; 2 Peter 1:3-4.


教会. 我们相信教会是普世的7 由所有相信主耶稣基督的人组成. 基督是教会的头,被称为他的身体. The local church is a body of believers in Christ who are joined together under scriptural leadership for the worship of God, 借着神的道造就人, 为祈祷, 的奖学金, 来宣讲福音, 并遵守条例.8 Matthew 16:16–18; Acts 1:4-5; 2:42–47; 11:15-16; Romans 12:5; Ephesians 1:20–23; Philippians 1:1; 1 Corinthians 12:13; 1 Timothy 3:15.


未来. 我们相信耶稣基督即将再来. 我们相信义人和不义的人都要肉身复活, 在正义的奖赏和永恒的幸福意识, 在对失丧之人的审判和永远的刑罚中. 9 Luke 16:19–26; John 11:25; 1 Corinthians 15:51-57; 1 Thessalonians 4:13–18; Revelation 20:1–15; 21:1–8.


由校董会批准的信仰声明.2.2005
校董会批准的修订.18.2014(人类)
向公司10提交的信仰声明(注明LBC的特点).11.2022年,随后以三分之二的票数通过.

笔记
1解释:关于基督赎罪的范围, LBC支持“无限”的观点, while evangelical believers of a Calvinistic doctrinal persuasion prefer to describe the atonement as “particular,也就是说, 基督赎罪工作的范围只限于选民.

2在五旬节这一天有特殊的意义. 见下一个脚注中的解释.

3 We believe that some gifts of the Holy Spirit are permanent and are intended for use throughout the entire Church Age. Other gifts were temporary and were given in the Apostolic Age for the purpose of founding the church. 这些包括使徒的恩赐, 预言, 奇迹, 疗愈, 舌头, 又能翻方言. 与此同时,我们肯定神按他的意愿行神迹. Explanation: Some evangelicals affirm that all the gifts of the Holy Spirit continue to function throughout the entire church 年龄 with no exceptions, including those “sign gifts” viewed by our statement as transitional and foundational to the birth of the church. Others maintain that events on the Day of Pentecost are repeatable throughout the church 年龄.

4 亚当,第一个人类, 解释:一些福音派学者, 同时肯定圣经的无误性, 将亚当视为一个“原型”.这就是, the Bible presents him as a literary figure representing the rebellious nature of all humans. 在这种观点中,亚当是否是一个历史人物是次要的问题, the primary focus of the biblical text being to use 亚当 in a representative sense for a theological purpose.

5 …salvation was provided for everyone in the whole world and was accomplished… Explanation: See, “耶稣基督, 他的为人和工作,"来解释赎罪的范围.

6 成为神的孩子,一次永远. 解释:语言“一劳永逸”, 永远,” captures LBC’s belief in the eternal security of the believer in their redeemed relationship with God through Christ. Believers who espouse forms of Arminian theology would not affirm eternal security and seek to emphasize the importance of ongoing obedience in the believer’s life while still adhering to salvation by grace through faith.

7 the Church universal began at Pentecost with the baptism of the Holy Spirit and consists of… See explanation on following footnote.

8 洗礼仪式和圣餐仪式. Explanation: Believers who ascribe to covenant theology disagree that the church began only at Pentecost, preferring to emphasize continuity between OT and NT believers and seeing the church as spiritual fulfillment of promises made to ancient Israel. 在条例的问题上,一些信徒(一).e. the Salvation Army) do not observe baptism or communion out of their belief that some may place so much importance on the outward signs that the inward spiritual reality is de-emphasized. Other groups affirm the practice of these ordinances but would add the practice of ceremonial foot-washing as a third ordinance given to the church.

9 耶稣基督即将再临,带领教会时代的圣徒被提, 接下来是苦难时期, 以及耶稣基督带着他的圣徒在地上统治千年的明显回归. 我们相信肉体的复活 . . . 以及对迷失的人永恒的有意识的惩罚. Explanation: Our statement is an understanding of a premillennial eschatology consistent with a dispensational hermeneutic. 末日事件的顺序和时间(或者在千禧一代的情况下), whether these things actually describe 历史 events) is viewed differently by non-dispensational theologians, while still affirming a high view of scripture and a literal return of Christ to the earth.